June 13, 2024

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Can you catch COVID-19 twice in 20 times? A Spanish well being care employee did, suggesting past bacterial infections offer you very little security versus Omicron

A health and fitness care employee in Spain examined favourable for COVID-19 two times within 20 days—the shortest hole among COVID infections ever recorded.

The 31-12 months-old girl initially analyzed favourable on Dec. 20 final 12 months, on a plan PCR exam taken throughout a workers screening. She was fully vaccinated and had obtained a booster shot 12 times earlier.

The patient didn’t develop any signs, but even now self-isolated for 10 days just before returning to function. Then on Jan. 10, 2022, just 20 days soon after very first tests optimistic, she created a cough and fever and took a further PCR test, which also returned good.

The scenario, which is currently being reported at this year’s European Congress of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Ailments in Lisbon, is backed by genome sequencing, which showed the patient was contaminated by two distinct strains of SARS-CoV-2. The December 2021 an infection was with the Delta variant and the second, in January, was with the Omicron variant.

Gemma Recio, one particular of the study’s authors and a health care provider at Institut Català de Salut in Tarragona, Spain, reported in a assertion, “This circumstance highlights the probable of the Omicron variant to evade the former immunity acquired either from a natural an infection with other variants or from vaccines.”

She provides that “nevertheless, each prior infection with other variants and vaccination do seem to partly safeguard versus significant ailment and hospitalization in people with Omicron.”

How most likely am I to capture COVID all over again?

Just before November 2021, fewer than 1% of all situations recorded in the U.K. were reinfections. But right after Omicron swept by means of the place, this figure shot up to 11%, indicating that a prior infection with the Alpha or Delta variants was unlikely to offer strong safety versus the a lot more contagious Omicron variant.

But while reinfection immediately after catching one of the previous variants is fairly probably, reinfection of Omicron is much rarer.

Early knowledge out of the U.K. indicate that some people today have been infected with each strains of the Omicron variant, first BA.1 and then its subvariant BA.2. Researchers at Denmark’s infectious disease authority Statens Serum Institut counted the quantities in February 2021 and discovered that even though double infections are achievable, they are quite rare.

The Danish examine analyzed 1.8 million scenarios of COVID-19 that transpired throughout the original Omicron wave between late November 2021 and mid-February 2022. It registered only 187 COVID reinfections, which occurred among 20 and 60 days apart from each other. Of all those reinfections, the researchers found only 47 have been reinfections with the BA.1 and BA.2 variants of Omicron, which mainly occurred in younger unvaccinated people with delicate sickness not ensuing in hospitalization or death.

While 47 in 1.8 million is a very reduced ratio, the info could adjust the for a longer period it is collected.

Monica Gandhi, a professor of drugs at the College of California, instructed DW, Germany’s international broadcaster, that Omicron reinfections could grow to be additional popular than the Danish analyze suggests. Gandhi notes that antibodies supplied by way of an infection or a booster vaccine might final only all-around four months, and as safety wanes, folks may perhaps turn out to be vulnerable yet again.

This tale was initially featured on Fortune.com